People who are allergic to specific allergens develop IgE antibodies to those allergens. IgE is a protective blood protein that is produced when you’re exposed to a substance that your body views as a threat. Therefore, measurable IgE may indicate the presence of an allergy.
Pet allergens contain certain proteins in dander (flecks of skin shed by pets), urine, and saliva. If you have a pet allergy, your immune system overreacts to an allergen (cat or dog) by producing IgE antibodies. These antibodies travel to cells that release chemicals, causing an allergic reaction. This reaction usually causes symptoms in the nose, lungs, throat, gut or on the skin.
If you suspect a dog or cat allergy, share your test results with your healthcare provider or allergist, who will take your family and medical history, and use this information to determine if an allergy exists.